Guide to Saltwater Fishing


If you enjoy saltwater fishing, then you have tons of possibilities of where to go to have fun doing it. You can choose from a local sandy beach near the ocean, standing on a fishing pier, or heading out to sea in a boat, a small canoe, or even a kayak.

It only requires doing it in one of the oceans of the world and having the proper saltwater equipment for fishing in the sea. Plus, where you decide to go fishing is also a choice as to what type of fish you are looking for, and what your personal preferences are.

Types of Salt Water Fishing

The first thing we will look at is the different types of ocean (saltwater) fishing.

Surf Fishing

If you go surf fishing, it means you will have to either stand on the shore or wade right into the ocean surf. If it’s your first time, you likely will be astonished at all the different kinds of fish that can be caught directly from the shore. However, except if you want to catch game fish that live in the deep ocean, it’s possible to catch the majority of saltwater varieties of fish and never have to go out in a boat. That makes surf fishing the perfect beginning place for lots of first-timers, and it’s simple to find out how to do it.

Here are some professional tips for saltwater surf fishing:

Advised Saltwater Gear Needed for Surf Fishing: First, you need a rod meant for surf fishing, which is twelve to fifteen feet in length and has big line guides. You will also need a big spinning reel intended for saltwater fishing, as well as a test line that’s good for between 20 and 25 pounds if you want a good outcome.

Advised Bait for Saltwater Surf Fishing: When saltwater surf fishing, shrimp is what you should use for bait to catch the majority of fish types, however, it can be pulled off your hook reasonably easy. You can additionally try longer-lasting bait lie squid or mullet, but fewer types of saltwater fish go for those.

Flats and Backwater Fishing

If you are in the mood to do battle with some game fish, you need to try flats and backwater fishing done from a flats skiff, kayak or boat. If you have done freshwater fishing, and have a lot of experience, then this kind of location should feel comfy and natural. There are several kinds of fish living in this type of inshore water, such as spotted sea trout or flounder.

Here are some professional tips for flats and backwater fishing:

Advised Gear for Flats and Saltwater Fishing: Pick a rod that’s between six and seven feet that’s meant for medium-action type of saltwater fishing. Mix this with either a bait caster or spinning fishing reel. Then, use a test line rated at 15 pounds for the best outcome.

Advised Bait for Flats and Saltwater Fishing: A great lure that will work with any saltwater fishing is to get a metal spoon made of gold. Buy a few of them just in case the line gets broken and include a few soft jigs made of plastic.

Bay Fishing

Saltwater anglers will encounter some of the most excellent fishing all around reefs, as well as hills or shallows, if they go saltwater fishing in a bay.  A bay is a body of water near the coast which connects to a significant body of water. These tend to be big and relatively enclosed, so they are great places to fish if you want to catch several kinds of sports fish, baitfish, or crustaceans that live in the ocean.

Here are some professional tips for bay fishing:

Advised Gear for Saltwater Bay Fishing: You will have the best outcome if you do your bay fishing sing a rod meant for heavy actin that’s about seven feet in length, and on it, there’s a bait caster type of reel or a spinning kind of reel. Plus, you need to include a monofilament fishing line rated at 20 pounds.

Advised Bait for Saltwater Bay Fishing: You will need a mix of fake and live baits. It also helps to bring a metal spoon made of gold, a few jig lures that are white bucktails, and live foods such as shrimp. Then, you must test all these and find out which ones the fish prefer.

Deep-Sea Saltwater Fishing

Deep-sea saltwater fishing is designed for the fisher who wants to be challenged and get a rush of adrenaline from battling with a substantial deep-sea game type of fish. This kind of saltwater fishing isn’t actually advised for first-timers unless you hire someone to be your guide. It’s best designed for anglers who are very experienced as it’s on the open sea, so it’s miles from the shoreline.

Here are some professional tips for deep-sea saltwater fishing:

Advised Gear for Saltwater Deep-Sea Fishing: You can catch lots of kinds of seagoing game fish if you go deep-sea fishing. Therefore, you should bring along a few varieties of fishing rods, dependent on the type you wish to catch. Generally, you can use fishing rods that are meant for medium action and are six to seven feet long. Plus, add on a heavyweight bait caster fishing reel, as well as be sure to use monofilament fishing line rated at 20 pounds. But if you plan to do the kind of deep-sea fishing that requires fishing on the bottom of the sea, then go for a line rated at fifty pounds.

Advised Bait for Saltwater Deep-Sea Fishing: Being able to catch game fish living in the deep ocean means you have to rely heavily on your experience and the technique you choose to use. Therefore, you have to try fake and real bait like you use to bottom fish or when jigging. Try things like cut up pieces of shrimp, as well as threadfin herrings, and fake lures like jigs for deep-sea bottom fishing or diving plugs for deep-sea fishing.

Tips for staying safe while Saltwater Deep-Sea Fishing: If you plan to deep-sea fish, be sure to pay attention to weather reports before leaving, as well as while out doing it. Study the navigation maps before heading out to sea and be sure not to forget your GPS as well as bring a

Pier Fishing

Pier fishing isn’t as action-based as some kinds of saltwater fishing; however, it’s a suitable method of introducing new fishers to doing some saltwater fishing. And for more experienced fishermen to be able to unwind.

Pier fishing isn’t as contingent on the weather as some of the other types of ocean-fishing, and there is no reason to buy lots of extra equipment. The extra stuff that’s needed if you go out on a boat or kayak isn’t necessary for fishing in the ocean off of a pier.

You should know that timing means everything when angling off the pier. Before going pier fishing, be sure to do some research into the tides, so you know when it’s best to go fishing, and then your chances of catching them will be much better.

Advised Gear for Saltwater Pier Fishing: To have success when pier fishing, you should use a fishing rod meant for heavy action (larger that is between six and nine feet in length, as well as a line rated at 20 pounds, and you’ll additionally require a pier gaff or hoop net so you can bring in the fish you catch, as they are likely too big to reel them in. You could break the line and lose your fish.

Advised Bait for Saltwater Pier Fishing: Live bait is what’s best for saltwater pier fishing. You can use bait like shrimp, squid or bloodworms, If you desire to catch a precise breed of saltwater fish, talk to the local fishermen and see what they advise you use.

Ken Masterson

My name is Ken Masterson. Growing up in Louisiana, I have been fishing since I was 7 years old. I am happy to share my knowledge with the readers here. Feel free to give me feedback in comments or even reach out at kenny@fishjoy.com

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